6 Best Medicinal Plants And Their Uses

Medicinal plants have been used since the Paleolithic period, around 2.5 million years ago. Their effectiveness improved over time, especially during the middle ages. By the 19th century, scientists began extracting chemical properties from these plants to create early pharmaceutical drugs.

Although the mainstream field of medicine has largely transitioned to pharmaceutical drug treatment, medicinal plants are still used traditionally in communities worldwide. Many are widely available as supplements in grocery and drug stores. 

The list of medicinal plants or herbs is lengthy, with scientists estimating that anywhere from 300 to 400 plant species worldwide have medicinal properties, according to the United States Department of Agriculture. However, some plants stand out not only for their efficacy in treating or preventing various ailments but also because they are easy to find and use.

Global Emergency Medics, who offer a training course in Herbal First Aid, say that knowing specific plants and their medicinal properties is useful in outdoor excursions and daily life. 

Here are the top 6 medicinal plants and their uses

The fascination for medicinal plants has been rising, and it’s no wonder why. The global herbal medicines market is projected to reach a whopping $248.6 billion by 2030, proving that more and more people are turning towards nature’s pharmacy.

1. Aloe vera

Aloe vera is a popular medicinal plant you’ve likely heard of. This succulent species is pleasing to the eye and packs a healthful punch. It is typically used in topical form, but did you know it can also be consumed for internal benefits? 

Aloe vera is brimming with vital vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It relieves burns, cuts, and insect bites when applied to the skin. Internally, its juice can aid digestion and boost immunity. It’s no wonder this plant is a staple in many homes! 

  • Rich in vitamins and minerals
  • Provides relief for minor skin irritations
  • Aids digestion when consumed
  • Boosts immunity

According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, this plant can help with skin conditions and has potential benefits for managing constipation and diabetes. 

2. Neem

Native to the Indian subcontinent, Neem has been an integral part of Ayurvedic medicine for centuries. Known for its versatile therapeutic properties, this potent medicinal plant is like nature’s pharmacy in a tree. 

Neem leaves, seeds, and bark are packed with bioactive compounds that provide various health benefits. These range from antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties to boosting the immune system and promoting skin health. 

Neem’s remarkable benefits: 

  • Improves skin health
  • Boosts immune system
  • Promotes oral hygiene

3. Fennel

Experience the health benefits of the vibrant and aromatic Fennel. Besides its culinary uses, fennel offers numerous medicinal advantages. 

Foeniculum vulgare or fennel, a native Mediterranean plant, is rich in essential nutrients like Vitamin C, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and manganese. 

Its seeds are well-known for their health properties, offering benefits like soothing indigestion, relieving menstrual cramps, and even curing bad breath. 

Fennel seeds are used in traditional Indian mouth fresheners, called ‘mukhwas’, for palate cleansing and digestion aid after meals.

  • Relieves digestion problems
  • Helps regulate blood pressure
  • Reduces menstrual cramps
  • Improves eye health
  • Acts as a breath freshener

4. Ginger

Ginger is a Southeast Asian plant known for its medicinal properties. The root, used as a spice and medicine, is packed with beneficial compounds and nutrients. 

One compound, gingerol, is a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. It can help treat various types of nausea, including morning sickness and nausea related to chemotherapy or surgery. 

Ginger’s benefits extend beyond nausea relief. It can also reduce muscle pain, lower blood sugars, improve

Here are the health benefits of ginger:

  • Powerful anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects
  • Treatment for various forms of nausea
  • Reduction in muscle pain and soreness
  • Lowering blood sugar levels
  • Improvement in heart disease risk factors
  • Treatment for chronic indigestion

5. Basil

Basil is an herbal supplement offering many medicinal benefits. Its leaves are rich in antioxidants and have anti-inflammatory properties. Traditionally, basil has been used to treat stomach spasms, loss of appetite, fluid retention, and many other conditions.

6. Tulsi

Tulsi is called the queen of herbs. This versatile medicinal plant has a rich history of use in Ayurvedic medicine. It’s known for its impressive healing properties, which range from bolstering the immune system to reducing stress levels. 


The 6 plants discussed offer incredible health benefits and are a treasure trove of remedies that have stood the test. So, why not give Mother Nature’s pharmacy a try?

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